Passionfruit Vine

We have 5 passionfruit vines, all but one came from Incredible Edibles, so the following info is from their very useful website:

The purple Passionfruit is a native from Brazil to northern Argentina, the origin of its name, the passion flower, are bizarre. Early missionaries thought the flowers symbolised the crucifixion, and that God placed it amongst the heathens to help their conversion. In the 1500s the vine was introduced to the warmer areas of Europe and proceeded to spread its arms across the rest of the warmer subtropical areas of the world.

Landscape Value

Stunning on a pergola where the large green leaves can provide shade all year, with the added bonus of a vibrant flower display in summer and tasty fruit in autumn. Plant over a fence, against a sheltered wall or deck.

Nutritional Value

Offers good amounts of Vitamin A, B, C, protein, carbohydrates, iron & flavonoids.

How to Eat

This juicy tangy fragrant fruit is excellent scooped out and enjoyed fresh straight from the skin, or add a new dimension to fruit salad, ice-cream, yogurts, pie and cake fillings, cocktails or juice.

Expected Yield

3.5 – 7 kg of fruit per plant but depends on growing conditions.

Generic Fruiting Time

J F M A M J J A S O N D

Growing

Sun

Full sun or partial shade.

Wind

They are not wind hardy so need protection from cold winds and do not grow well in salty maritime locations.

Climate

Plants like warm climates, and are, relatively frost tender but will grow back from the base if burnt lightly from frost. Vines need adequate moisture particular while young and when fruits are maturing.

Soil

Passionfruit need a light well drained soil. Any water logging will rot these plants. If you do have a heavy soil plant in a mound to make sure there is good drainage. Passionfruits like slightly acid soil.

Fertiliser

Passionfruit are heavy feeders. Apply approximately 2kg of this feed in three equal amounts. During the growing season apply nitrogen based NPK fertiliser such as citrus feed.

Pruning

As fruit is formed on current seasons wood prune in spring to encourage new growth. Prune hard one lateral annually. Train the vine up a fence or wall removing all laterals until it reaches the height you require then pinch out the top.

Pests

Root rot and nematodes are partially responsible for short life of vines. Make sure the soil does not over wet and waterlogged. Leafhoppers, stink bugs are minor problems of the passionfruit vines.

Hardiness

0 C, very frost tender so need protection until established.

Our passion fruit are all of the type Black Beauty

Flowers 5-8cm across are white and purple, an attraction in themselves. Egg shaped, 4-7.5 cm dark purple fruit with a yellow-orange juicy aromatic flavoured pulp filled with small black seeds.

Habit – Vigorous evergreen vine with deep green shiny leaves.

Size – Can grow 1.5 – 7m per year once established.

Pollination – Self-fertile. Passionfruit plants are insect pollinated, therefore adverse weather conditions during flowering may affect fruit set.

Harvest – When fruit changes from green to dark purple, from March to June. At least that is the general information. Our vines have fruited earlier than this in 2011. By mid february we were getting ripe fruit falling off the vines, and all through march we had about 40 – 50 fruit per week, which was perfect to hand out to all the classes we have had visiting us on Thursday mornings throughout this term.

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